In the heart of Munich, at the weekend, the Ukrainian community, activists, and passers-by took part in the commemoration of the victims of the Holodomor. The main purpose of the event was to honor the victims of the Holodomor and at the same time to demonstrate readiness to prevent such a situation and to unite the international Ukrainian community and foreign friends of Ukraine for the “memory of the victims of the Ukrainian genocide in the 20th century”.
For this purpose, 158 crosses were placed, each of which symbolizes 128 thousand killed Ukrainians, a poster with the inscription “Holodomor. Mord durch Hunger. Genozid am ukrainischen Volk”. Remembrance of the Holodomor unites the Ukrainian people all over the world and has become an integral element of national identity.
The Holodomor of 1932-33 was preceded by the forcible collectivization of farms, the “kulakization” of peasants, the grain production campaign, and mass terror in the village. Terror by famine, which lasted for 22 months in Ukraine, is a conscious and purposeful policy of the Stalinist government, the strategy, and tactics of which was implemented since 1928. This repressive and punitive action was aimed at destroying independent farms – the social and economic foundations of the Ukrainian nation.
For decades, the Holodomor in Soviet Ukraine was ignored. Exploration of this tragedy began in the late 80s of the last century. Now in Ukraine, the Holodomor of 1932-1933 is considered an act of genocide of the Ukrainian people committed by the government of the USSR through the organization of artificial mass starvation, which led to millions of deaths in rural areas of the Ukrainian SSR.
Today, more than 20 countries have recognized the Holodomor of 1932-1933 as genocide of the Ukrainian people. Traditionally, the memory of the victims of the Holodomor of 1932-1933 is honored in the world by lighting a candle.